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Given an unsorted integer array, find the first missing positive integer.

For example, Given [1,2,0] return 3, and [3,4,-1,1] return 2.

Your algorithm should run in O(n) time and uses constant space.

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The count-and-say sequence is the sequence of integers beginning as follows: 1, 11, 21, 1211, 111221, ...

1 is read off as "one 1" or 11. 11 is read off as "two 1s" or 21. 21 is read off as "one 2, then one 1" or 1211.

Given an integer n, generate the _n_th sequence.

Note: The sequence of integers will be represented as a string.

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Given a string containing just the characters '(' and ')', find the length of the longest valid (well-formed) parentheses substring.

Example 1:

Input: "(()" Output: 2 Explanation: The longest valid parentheses substring is "()"

Example 2:

Input: ")()())" Output: 4 Explanation: The longest valid parentheses substring is "()()"

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You are given a string, S, and a list of words, L, that are all of the same length. Find all starting indices of substring(s) in S that is a concatenation of each word in L exactly once and without any intervening characters.

For example, given: S: "barfoothefoobarman" L: ["foo", "bar"]

You should return the indices: [0,9]. (order does not matter).

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Given n non-negative integers a1, a2, ..., an, where each represents a point at coordinate (i, ai). n vertical lines are drawn such that the two endpoints of line i is at (i, ai) and (i, 0). Find two lines, which together with x-axis forms a container, such that the container contains the most water.

Note: You may not slant the container.

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