OCR （Optical Character Recognition，光学字符识别）是指电子设备（例如扫描仪或数码相机）检查纸上打印的字符，通过检测暗、亮的模式确定其形状，然后用字符识别方法将形状翻译成计算机文字的过程；即，针对印刷体字符，采用光学的方式将纸质文档中的文字转换成为黑白点阵的图像文件，并通过识别软件将图像中的文字转换成文本格式，供文字处理软件进一步编辑加工的技术。
本文初步介绍了 OCR 识别 的基本过程。
SCIgen is a program that generates random Computer Science research papers, including graphs, figures, and citations. It uses a hand-written context-free grammar to form all elements of the papers. Our aim here is to maximize amusement, rather than coherence.
One useful purpose for such a program is to auto-generate submissions to conferences that you suspect might have very low submission standards. A prime example, which you may recognize from spam in your inbox, is SCI/IIIS and its dozens of co-located conferences (check out the very broad conference description on the WMSCI 2005 website). There’s also a list of known bogus conferences. Using SCIgen to generate submissions for conferences like this gives us pleasure to no end. In fact, one of our papers was accepted to SCI 2005! See Examples for more details.